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Recruitment and Selection in Dlw

A SUMMER TRAINNING PROJECT REPORT ON RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION AT DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE WORKS SUBMITTED IN Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement of the Award of the Master of Business Administration (MBA) OF BANASTHALI UNIVERSITY (Session: 2011-2013) SUBMITTED BY AMRITA MATHUR MBA IIND SEMESTER ID NO. – WBMBA11964 ROLL NO. – 7459 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Any accomplishment requires the effort of many people and this work is no different. It has been my proud privilege to be attached to Diesel Locomotive Work, a highly professional’s bank with modern outlook.
With due respect I express my indebt ness to the management of Diesel Locomotive Work for accommodating me as a summer trainee. I would like to express my gratitude with sense of reverence to Mr. Dinesh Singh (head, PERSONNEL and HR department). It would have been difficult to go through this project without their help. He not only helped me in collecting data but also supported me with their valuable knowledge and experience in the successful completion of this project. I would also thankful to almighty god for his grace and mercy to successfully complete this project. Amrita Mathur PREFACE
In our two year degree program of M. B. A. of there’s provision for doing summer training, after IInd semester. The essential purpose of this project is to given an exposure and detailed outlook to the student of practical concept, which they already studied research. For this purpose, I was assigned the project for the “RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION” in Diesel Locomotive Work. It is a matter of great privilege to get training from Diesel Locomotive Work, one of the largest organisations of its kind. The project lasted for a period of six weeks: it was informative, interesting and inspiring.

I hope this report will provide an experiment outlook to the dynamic functioning in the HR department in Diesel Locomotive Work. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The project titled “RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION” Undertaken in Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW). A production unit of Indian Railways, DLW was set up in collaboration with Alco, USA, in 1961 and commenced manufacturing in 1963. It has so far supplied over 5,000 locomotives, mainly to Indian Railways but also including 342 locomotives for non-railway customers such as power plants, port trusts and industrial users.
The project report is about recruitment and selection process that’s an important part of any organization. Which is considered as a necessary asset of a company? It gives a organizational structure of the company. It’s a methodology in which the particular organization works and how a new candidate could be recruited in such a way that he/she would be fitted for the right kind of career. For every organisation it is important to have a right person on a right job. Recruitment and Selection plays a vital role in this situation.
Shortage of skills and the use of new technology are putting considerable pressure on how employers go about Recruiting and Selecting staff. It is recommended to carry out a strategic analysis of Recruitment and Selection procedure. There are two types of factors that affect the Recruitment of candidates for the company- * Internal factors. * External factors With reference to this context, this project is been prepared to put a light on Recruitment and Selection process. This project includes Meaning and Definition of Recruitment and Selection, Need and Purpose of Recruitment, Evaluation of Recruitment Process.
Sources of Recruitment through which an organisation gets suitable application. Job Analysis, which gives an idea about the requirement of the job. Next is Selection process, which includes steps of Selection, Types of Test, Types of Interview, Common Interview Problems and their Solutions. The objective of selection decision is to choose the individual who can most successfully perform the job from the pool of qualified candidates. Selection process or activities typically follow a standard patter, beginning with an initial screening interview and concluding with final employment decision.
Recruitment and Selection are simultaneous process and are incomplete without each other. They are important components of the organisation and are different from each other. Since all the aspect needs practical example and explanation this project includes Recruitment and selection Process of Indian Railways. CONTENTS SR. NO. | TOPIC| PAGE NO. | 1. | Introduction| 1| 2. | Objective| 2| 3. | Scope Of The Study| 3| 4. | Research Methodology| 4-6| 5. | Company Profile| 7-12| 6. | Review Of Literature| 13-38| 7. | Data Analysis And Data Interpretation| 39-49| 8. Findings| 50| 9. | Conclusion| 51| 10. | Limitation Of Study| 52| 11. | Suggestions| 53| 12. | Bibliography| 54| 13. | Annexure| 55-57| INTRODUCTION Human Resource is a basic need of any work to be done. Recruitment and selection are two of the most important functions of personnel management. Recruitment precedes selection and helps in selecting a right candidate. Every organisation needs to look after recruitment and selection in the initial period and thereafter as and when additional manpower is required due to expansion and development of business activities.
The project report is all about recruitment and selection process that’s an important part of any organization. Recruitment highlights each applicant’s skills, talents and experience. Their selection involves developing a list of qualified candidates, defining a selection strategy, identifying qualified candidates, thoroughly evaluating qualified candidates and selecting the most qualified candidate. ‘Right person for the right job’ is the basic principle in recruitment and selection. Every organisation should give attention to the selection of its manpower, especially its managers.
Every business organisation/unit needs manpower for carrying different business activities smoothly and efficiently and for this recruitment and selection of suitable candidates is essential. Human resource management in an organisation will not be possible if unsuitable persons are selected and employment in a business unit. OJBECTIVE The objective of my study is to understand and critically analyzed the recruitment and selection procedure at Diesel Locomotive Works. 1. To study the recruitment and selection procedure followed in DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE WORKS (DLW). 2. To study the various sources of recruitment followed in DLW. . To learn what is the process of recruitment and selection that should be followed. 4. To critically analyze the functioning of recruitment and selection procedures. 5. To identify the probable area of improvement to make recruitment and selection procedure and more effective. 6. To know the managerial satisfaction level about recruitment and selection procedure. SCOPE OF THE STUDY The benefit of the study for the researcher is that it helped to gain knowledge and experience and also provided the opportunity to study and understand the prevalent recruitment and selection procedures.
The key points of my research study are: 1) To study the facts about the diesel locomotive works as a group. 2) To understand and analyze various HR factors including recruitment and selection procedure at Diesel Locomotive Works. 3) To suggest any measures/ recommendations for the improvement of the recruitment procedures. REASERCH METHODOLOGY In everyday life human being has to face many problems viz. Social, economical, financial problems. These problems in life call for acceptable and effective solutions and for this purpose, research is required and a methodology applied for the solutions can be found out.
Research was carried out at DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE WORKS to find out the “Recruitment and selection process”. The Research Research is a “careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. ” The project is a systematic presentation consisting of enunciated problem, formulated hypothesis, collected facts or data, analyzes facts and proposed conclusions in form of recommendations. Kind of Research The research done by Exploratory Research: This kind of research has the primary objective of development of insights into the problem.
It studies the main area where the problem lies and also tries to evaluate some appropriate courses of action. Sample Design: A complete interaction and enumeration of all employees of Diesel Locomotive Work was not possible so a sample was chosen that consisted of 25-30 employees. DATA COLLECTION The data for the survey will be conducted from both primaries as well as secondary sources. Primary Data: Primary data was collected through training classes and survey method by distributing questionnaires to manager of personnel department and employees of recruitment and selection section of personnel department.
The questionnaires were carefully designed by taking into account the parameters of my study. Secondary Data: Data was collected from books, magazines, web sites, going through the records of the organisation, etc. It is the data which has been collected by individual or someone else for the purpose of other than those of our particular research study. Or in other words we can say that secondary data is the data used previously for the analysis and the results are undertaken for the next process. RESEARCH DESIGN Research Design:
A research design is the specification of methods and procedure for acquiring the information needed to structure or to solve problems. It is the overall operation pattern or framework of the project that stipulates what information is to be collected from which source, and be what procedures. “A research design is the arrangement of condition for collection and analysis of data in a manner that aims to combine relevance to the research purpose with economy in procedure”. Design decision happens… 1. What is study about? 2. What is study being made? 3. Where will the study be carried out? 4. What type of data is required? . Where can the required data to be found? 6. What will be the sample design? 7. Technique of data collection? COMPANY PROFILE INDIAN RAILWAY India’s first train runs between Mumbai and Thane. The Indian railways are Asia’s largest railways system and the world’s second largest railways system. Indian railways are owned and managed by the central government. Indian Railways (IR) is an iconic Indian organisation, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways which is responsible for the maintenance and operation of the entire rail network in India and it enjoys total monopoly. Railway” means a railway or any portion of a railway for the public carriage of passengers, animals or goods. Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India’s independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. It has the world’s fourth largest railway network after those of the United States, Russia and China. Rail transport is the conveyance of passengers and goods by means of wheeled vehicles running along railways or railroads.
Rail transport is part of the logistics chain, which facilitates international trade and economic growth. INDIAN RAILWAY STRUCTURE Indian Railways is divided into several zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1952 to sixteen in 2003 then to seventeen in 2010. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-eight divisions. Each of the seventeen zones is headed by a General Manager (GM) who reports directly to the Railway Board.
The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). Sr. No. | Name| Abbr. | Date Established| Headquarters| Divisions| 1. | Central| CR| 1951-11-05| Mumbai| Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur| 2. | East| ECR| 2002-10-01| Hajipur| Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai,Samastipur, Sonpur| 3. | East Coast| ECoR| 2003-04-01| Bhubaneswar| Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Visakhapatnam| 4. | Eastern| ER| 1952-04| Kolkata| Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda| 5. | North Central| NCR| 2003-04-01| Allahabad| Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi| 6. North Eastern| NER| 1952| Gorakhpur| Izzatnagar, Lucknow, Varanasi| 7. | North Western| NWR| 2002-10-01| Jaipur| Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur| 8. | Northeast Frontier| NFR| 1958-01-15| Guwahati| Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangia, Lumding,Tinsukia| 9. | Northern| NR| 1952-04-14| Delhi| Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow,Moradabad| 10. | South Central| SCR| 1966-10-02| Secunderabad| Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Guntakal,Guntur, Nanded, Vijayawada| 11. | South East Central| SECR| 2003-04-01| Bilaspur| Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur| 12. | South Eastern| SER| 1955| Kolkata| Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi| 13. South Western| SWR| 2003-04-01| Hubli| Hubli, Bangalore, Mysore| 14. | Southern| SR| 1951-04-14| Chennai| Chennai, Trichy, Madurai, Palakkad, Salem,Trivandrum | 15. | West Central| WCR| 2003-04-01| Jabalpur| Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota| 16. | Western| WR| 1951-11-05| Mumbai| Mumbai Central, Ratlam, Rajkot, Ahmedabad , Bhavnagar, Vadodara| Production Units Six production units are headed by a General Manager, who also reports directly to the Railway Board. The six Production Units are:- Sl. No| Name| Abbr. | Year Established| Location| Main products| 1. Golden Rock Locomotive Workshops| GOC| 1928| Trichy| Diesel-electric Locomotives| 2. | Chittaranjan Locomotive Works| CLW| 1947| Chittaranjan ,Asansol| Electric Locomotives| 3. | Diesel Locomotive Works| DLW| 1961| Varanasi| Diesel Locomotives| 4. | Diesel-Loco Modernisation Works| DMW| 1981| Patiala| Diesel-electric Locomotives| 5. | Integral Coach Factory| ICF| 1952| Chennai| Passenger coaches| 6. | Rail Coach Factory| RCF| 1986| Kapurthala| Passenger coaches| 7. | Rail Wheel Factory| RWF| 1984| Bangalore| Railway wheels and axles| 8. | Rail Wheel Factory| RWF| 2011| Chhapra| Railway wheels and axles|
Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) The Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) in Varanasi, India, is a production unit owned by Railways, that manufactures diesel-electric locomotives and its spare parts. It is the largest diesel-electric locomotive manufacturer in India. Healthy growth of railways is essential for India’s social, regional, economic, industrial and agricultural development. The main vision of Diesel Locomotive Works “To be a world class manufacturer of Diesel – electric locomotives. ”  Organizational Structure Of DLW General Manager (GM) CMO CME COS FA ; CAO CMEPCMD
Depty CPO/HQ Depty CPO/General SPO APO/HQ APO/Staff | Nature of workThe role changes depending on where an officer is placed in the organization – in the division (operational level), the zone (tactical level), or the railway board (strategic level). The following are the different roles played in railways: • The commercial division: This division handles all commercial responsibilities like ticket checking, catering, administration and management of stations, reservation, announcements on the platforms, etc. • The operations division: This division deals with controlling movement of trains.
Keeping a check on incoming and outgoing trains, detachment or attachment of wagons, etc. , are the responsibilities of this division. • India Railway Accounts Service: This branch of the Railway Services is engaged in handling the accounting and finance operations of the Indian Railways. At this post, the officer carries the overall responsibility for accounts for the whole zone. • Indian Railway Personnel Service: As the name indicates, officers in this division handle all matters related to the personnel section like selection, promotions, training, welfare activities, transfers, increments, disciplinary actions and the like. Railway Protection Service/ Railway Protection Force: This branch of the Indian Railway Services is entrusted with the task of maintenance of law and order on trains and on premises owned and used by the Indian Railways. • Railway Engineering Services: This is the technical side of the Railway Services and is engaged in activities like construction and planning of railway tracks, bridges and buildings. There are branches in this division like the Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers and the Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers.
Benefits To The EmployeesGroup A, B C and D title will be issued to those railway servants. There are both gazetted and non gazetted officers in these groups. Different railway passes are allowed to the employees according to the group and positions given to them. Some of them are Special passes, residential passes, widow passes, post retirement complimentary pass, school pass, pass on privilege account, duty pass etc. Staff Welfare| DLW undertakes a Varity of welfare activities for its over 6000 personnel.
Important among these are:Education Facilities: DLW administration runs 4 schools providing Primary and Secondary Education to more than 2600 students. DLW Women’s Welfare Organization also runs a primary school Bal Niketan. DLW township also possesses 1 Post Graduate Girl’s College, 2 Central Schools, and 1 Senior Secondary School. Medical Facilities:105 bedded well-equipped Railway Hospital, a Health Unit and a First-Aid post in workshop provide comprehensive health care to around 20,000 Railway family members. A Homeopathic and an Ayurvedic dispensary are also available.
Railway Quarters:A total of 3641 staff quarters are provided to the DLW employees. The Railway colony is well maintained and green, providing excellent pollution free environment. Compassionate Appointments:Families of deceased employees are helped by the way of compassionate appointment to the wards. Institute/Community Centre etc. :For various social needs of the staff 1 Community Hall, 2 Institutes, 2 Barat Ghars, 1 Kalyan Kendra, 1 Rangshala and 1 Officers Club are functioning on the premises. Cinema Club:For recreation of staff a Cinema Hall of around 700 capacities is functioning since 1967 in DLW.
Sports ; Game:All kinds of facilities for various games like Cricket, Hockey, Basketball, Badminton, Volley-ball, Football, Table Tennis, Gymnasium, Athletics, Swimming, Golf, and Rifle Shooting have been provided for the staff. | REVIEW OF LITERATURE Human Resource plays a crucial role in the development process of the modern. Human resource management is the management of employee’s skill, knowledge abilities, talent, aptitude, creativity, ability etc. different terms are used for denoting Human Resource Management. RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION
Recruitment and selection are two of the most important functions of personnel management. Recruitment precedes selection and helps in selecting a right candidate. RECRUITMENT Recruitment is “hiring” of employees from outside. Recruitment has been regarded as the most important function of the HR department. ‘Right person for the right job’ is the basic principle in recruitment and selection. Every business organisation/unit needs manpower for carrying different business activities smoothly and efficiently and for this recruitment and selection of suitable candidates is essential.
Need For Recruitment: The need for recruitment may be due to the following reasons / situation: 1. Vacancies due to promotions, transfer, retirement, termination, permanent disability, death and labour turnover. 2. Creation of new vacancies due to the growth, expansion and diversification of business activities of an enterprise. In addition, new vacancies are possible due to job specification. Purpose And Importance Of Recruitment: 1. Determine the present and future requirements of the organization with its personnel-planning and job analysis activities. . Increase organizational and individual effectiveness in the short term and long term. 3. Evaluate the effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicants. Recruitment represents the first contact that a company makes with potential employees. It is through recruitment that many individuals will come to know a company, and eventually decided whether they wish to work for it. Sources Of Recruitment The sources of recruitment in Diesel Locomotive Work can be broadly categorized into internal and external sources- I.
Internal Recruitment – Internal recruitment seeks applicants for positions from within the company. The various internal sources include 1) Promotion. 2) Transfers. 3) Compassionate Ground. 4) Sports Quota. 5) Cultural Quota. 6) Physical Handicapped Quota. II. External Recruitment – External recruitment seeks applicants for positions from sources outside the company. The various external sources include 1) Government Placement Agencies: a) UPSC(Union Public Service Commission) b) RRB/RRC(Railway Recruitment Board/Railway Recruitment Control) SELECTION
Selection is basically picking an applicant from (a pool of applicants) who has the appropriate qualification and competency to do the job. It is a negative process and involves the elimination of candidates who do not have the required skills and qualification for the job proposed. The objective of selection decision is to choose the individual who can most successfully perform the job from the pool of qualified candidates. It is the system of function and device adopted in a given company to ascertain whether the candidate’s specifications are matched with the job specifications and recruitment or not.
The difference between recruitment and selection: * Recruitment is identifying n encouraging prospective employees to apply for a job and Selection is selecting the right candidate from the pool of applicants. * Recruitment is the positive function in which interested candidates are encouraged to submit application and Selection is a negative function in which unsuitable candidates are eliminated and the best one is selected. Selection Test: Different types of tests may be administered, depending on the job and the company.
Generally, tests are used to determine the applicant’s ability, aptitude, intelligence, general knowledge, and medical test. .Selection Decision: The final decision has to be made the pool of individuals who pass the tests, interviews and reference checks. The view of the line manager will be generally considered in the final selection because it is he/she who is responsible for the performance of the new employee. The HR manager plays a crucial role in the final selection. Physical Examination: After the selection decision and before the job offer is made, the candidate is required to undergo a physical fitness test.
A job offer is, often, contingent upon the candidate being declared fit after the physical examination. The results of the medical fitness test are recorded in a statement and are preserved in the personnel records. There are several objectives behind a physical test: 1. Physical test is to detect if the individual carries any infectious disease. 2. The test assists in determining whether an applicant is physically fit to perform the work. 3. The physical examination information can be used to determine if there are certain physical capabilities, which differentiate successful and less successful employees. . Medical check-up protects applicants with health defects from undertaking work that could be detrimental to them or might otherwise endanger the employer’s property. 5. An examination will protect the employer from workers compensation claims that are not valid because the injuries or illness were present when the employee was hired. Job Offer: After the physical examination the selection process is job offer to those applicants who have crossed all the previous hurdles. Job offer is made through a letter of appointed.
Such a letter generally contains a date by which the appointee must report on duty. The appointee must be given reasonable time for reporting. Again, a new job may require movement to another city, which means considerable preparation, and movement of property. The company may also want the individual to delay the date of reporting on duty. If the new employee’s first job upon joining the company is to go on company until perhaps a week before such training begins. Naturally, this practice cannot be abused, especially if the individual is unemployed and does not have sufficient finances.
Their applicants may be preserved for future use, if any. It needs no emphasis that the applications of selected candidates must also be preserved for the future references. Contract Of Employment: After the job offer has bee made and candidates accept the offer, certain documents need to be executed by the employer and the candidate. One such document is the attestation form. This form contains vital details about the candidate, which are authenticated and attested by him/her. Attestation form will be a valid record for the future reference. There is also a need for reparing a contract of employment. The basic information that should be included in a written contract of employment will vary according to the level of the job, but the following checklist sets out the typical headings: 1. Job title. 2. Duties, including a parse such as “The employee will perform such duties and will be responsible to such a person, as the company may from time to time direct”. 3. Date when continuous employment starts and the basis for calculating service. 4. Rate of pay, allowance, overtime and shift rates, method of payments. 5.
Hours of work including lunch break and overtime and shift arrangements. 6. Holiday arrangements: a) Paid holidays per year. b) Calculation of holiday pay. c) Qualifying period. d) Accrual of holidays and holiday pay. e) Details of holiday year. f) Dates when holidays can be taken. g) Maximum holiday that can be take at any one time. h) Carry over of holiday entitlement. i) Public holidays. 7. Length of notice due to and from employee. 8. Grievances procedure (or reference to it). 9. Disciplinary procedure (or any reference to it). 10. Work rules (or any reference to them).
Employer’s right to vary terms of the contract subject to proper notification being given. Alternatively called employment agreements or simply bonds, contracts of employment serve many useful purposes. The drawback with the contracts is that it is almost to enforce them. A determined employee is bound to leave the organisation, contract or no contract. Recruitment And Selection In Diesel Locomotive Work (DLW) Indian railway is considered as the biggest job provider in world. The Indian railway network is divided into 17 different zones geographically.
Here I am giving you detailed information about division of railway jobs, and which job profile will be given in which departments through which exam. Staff are classified into gazetted (Group ‘A’ and ‘B’) and non-gazetted (Group ‘C’ and ‘D’) employees. The recruitment of Group ‘A’ gazetted employees is carried out by the Union Public Service Commission through exams conducted by it. The recruitment to Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ employees on the Indian Railways is done through 19 Railway Recruitment Boards which are controlled by the Railway Recruitment Control Board (RRC).
Vacancies in Indian Railways are filled either by recruitment by Recruitment agencies like UPSC or RRB or by promotion from serving candidates. The railway recruitment board divides all the jobs into four major categories as given below: 1. Group A: Group A recruitments are filled by UPSC by All India Competitive examinations. 2. Group B: Group B posts are normally filled by promotion from serving Group C candidates. 3. Group C: Group C recruitment are made by Railway Recruitment Board (RRB). 4. Group D: Group D posts are filled at the divisional level.
The employees who are selected under group A and group B are Gazette officers. General Conditions for Recruitment The recruitment rules may provide for- 1. Qualifications, age and the scales of pay applicable for the various posts in the service and important conditions of service, like leave, pension, non-contributory Provident Fund benefits, etc . 2. No male candidate who has more than one wife living or no female candidate who has married a person having already a wife living shall be eligible for appointment to a railway service, unless the competent authority exempts the candidate from the operation of this rule. . Proportion of vacancies to be filled by direct recruitment and promotion of railway servants from subordinate services. 4. In the case of probationers, consequences of failure to pass prescribed departmental examinations, if any, e. g. loss of appointment, stoppage of increments etc. 5. Passing obligatory language examination whenever prescribed in the recruitment regulations for each service in Group ‘A’. Recruitment of Group A services Recruitment of Group ‘A’ Officers are made through: 1. Open competitive examination held by UPSC. . Promotion of Officers from Group ‘B’. 3. Appointment of Special Class Apprentices by UPSC. 1) Through UPSC recruits the candidate can be selected in railways by clearing one of the following three exams. a) Civil Services Examination: This exam is recruiting candidates for the post of traffic department, accounts departments and protection force department. * Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS). * Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS). * Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS). * Railway Protection Force ) Enginnering Services Examination for: This exam select candidate for the post of mechanical engineers, store engineers, signal engineers and electrical engineers. * Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE). * Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME). * Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE). * Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSEE). * Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS). a) Medical Services Examination for: Through this exam the candidates are selected for medical department of Indian railways. Indian Railway Medical Service (IRMS). 2) Promotion of Officers from Group ‘B’ * Promotion from Group B to Group A (Junior Scale). 1. Appointments to the posts in the junior scale shall be made by selection on merit from amongst Group B officers of the departments concerned with not less than 3 years of non-fortuitous service in the grade. 2. If the quota reserved for Group B Officers for promotion to junior scale is not fully utilised, the remaining vacancies may be filled by Government in accordance with the recruitment rules and in consultation with the UPSC. . The Departmental Promotion Committee for this purpose shall consist of a representative of the Union Public Service Commission as Chairman and two representatives of the Ministry of Railways as Members. * Promotion from junior scale to senior scale. Appointment to the posts in the senior scale shall be made by promotion in the order of seniority, subject to rejection of the unfit, of officers with ordinarily not less than 4 years service in the junior scale. * Promotion from senior scale to higher grade posts. 1.
Promotions to the Administrative Grade are dependent on the occurrence of vacancies in the sanctioned establishment and are made wholly by selection; mere seniority does not confer any claim for such promotion. 2. Appointments to the posts in the Junior Administrative Grade shall be made by selection on merit from amongst the officers ordinarily with not less than 5 years service in the senior scale. 3. The departmental Promotion Committee for purposes  of promotion from Senior Scale and above to higher grade posts shall consist of Chairman, Railway Board, Financial Commissioner Railways and three other Members of the Railway Board. ) Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) Exam * Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts every year entrance exam for selecting Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) to Indian Railways. * This program was started in 1927. Training * The selected candidates undergo a four-year rigorous training programme in Mechanical Engineering, Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur. * IRIMEE has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi for the training.
Degree Awarded * SCRAs get a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical Engineering after successful completion of four years of training. This de

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